EYFS & KS1 Reading Schemes

Our systematic synthetic approach to learning phonics in EYFS (Early Years Foundation Stage) and KS1 (Key Stage 1) is through using Letters and Sounds: Principles and Practice of High Quality Phonics as well as Jolly Phonics. We have a multisensory approach in EYFS and by using Jolly Phonics the pupils are provided with a picture, a song and an action to help them learn each different sound.  Letters and Sounds provide us with games and resources to support our teaching of phonics. It aims to build pupils’ speaking and listening skills, as well as prepare pupils to learn to read, by developing their phonic knowledge and skills. It sets out a detailed programme for teaching phonic skills, with the aim of pupils becoming fluent readers by age seven.


Phase 1

Showing an awareness of rhyme and alliteration. Distinguishing between sounds in the environment and phonemes. Exploring and experimenting with sounds and words. Discriminating speech sounds in words. Beginning to orally blend and segment phonemes.


Phase 2

Blending for reading and segmenting for spelling simple cvc words. Letter sets

Set 1 - s, a, t, p

Set 2 - l, n, m, d

Set 3 - g, o, c, k

Set 4 - ck, e, u, r

Set 5 - h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss

Set 6 - j, v, w, x

Set 7 - y, z, zz, qu


Phase 3

Graphemes: ear, air, ure, er, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ai, ee, igh, oa, oo

Consonant digraphs: ch, sh, th, ng.


Phase 4

This is a consolidation unit. There are no new graphemes to learn but the children learn how read longer words such as stamp, plug, flag, twig.


Phase 5

Graphemes:ay, ou, ie, ea, oy, ir, ue, aw, wh, ph, ew, oe, au, a-e, e-e, i-e, o-e, u-e.

Alternative pronunciations for:i, o, c, g, u, ow, ie, ea, er, a, y, ch, ou


Phase 6

At this stage children should be able to spell words phonemically although not always correctly. The main aim of this phase is to become more fluent readers and more accurate spellers.


Throughout KS1 (Key Stage 1), pupils are provided with a range of fiction and non-fiction books which are regularly changed to aid progression with their reading. We use a range of popular and well established schemes including; Sails, Oxford Reading Tree, Rigby Star, Big Cat Collins, Bug Club and Rigby Rocket.  Children in KS1 now also have access to Renaissance Reading so that their comprehension skills can be tested and provides access to more advanced reading books, if required.


KS2 Reading Scheme


In KS2 (Key Stage 2), pupils continue to access a range of reading schemes in order to learn more advanced deduction and inference skills.  Renaissance Accelerated Reading is primarily used to help the children develop their reading skills.  The Accelerated Reader program is a computerised program that tests reading comprehension. Students select books on their reading level, read independently, and take an independent comprehension test on the computer. Each book is worth a certain number of points based on its length and reading level.  The children are assessed periodically to monitor how they are progressing and to make sure they are choosing books that are of appropriate level of difficulty for them.




Cressing Primary School, Tye Green, Cressing, Braintree, Essex. CM77 8JE   /   01376 583397  /  admin@cressing.essex.sch.uk

If you have any enquiries or require further information, please contact Mr Caplen

© Cressing Primary School 2016